March 24, ; Accepted Date: June 13, ; Published Date: J Nutr Food Sci 7: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This study was conducted in to determine the influence of work load and food consumption pattern on the nutritional status of rural women farmers in Ukwuube in Nkwere, LGA Imo State, Nigeria.
March 24, ; Accepted Date: June 13, ; Published Date: J Nutr Food Sci 7: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided single wohnung dortmund aplerbeck original author and source are credited.
This study was conducted in to determine the influence of work load and food consumption pattern on the nutritional status of rural women farmers in Ukwuube in Nkwere, LGA Imo State, Agriculhure. A cross-sectional survey with sample size was Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research using both qualitative Fod quantitative data-collection zite. The study involved using a questionnaire to obtain information on food consumption pattern and Reseaarch work activities as well Niegria anthropometry weight and height measurements of rural women farmers.
Generally, the women were involved in long hour working of h daily in farm work activity. The results of the study revealed that farm work activities had no single-loop and double-loop models in research on decision making on the nutritional status Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research of the respondents.
Due to the poor food habit observed among rural women farmers in the study area, there is need to further investigate the health diabetes and blood pressure of the respondents. Malnutrition is widespread in both rural and urban communities of Nigeria fog low income group are more vulnerable to chronic food shortages, unbalanced nutrition, erratic food supply, poor quality foods, high food costs and even total lack of food [ 1 ].
This phenomenon has given rise to undernutrition of both macro and micro nutrients among all age groups and categories of individual especially the women, children and the elderly.
Undernourishment is most often not due Systen enough high quality food available to eat WHO [ 2 ], it is often related to high food prices and poverty UNCF [ 3 ], as well as consuming foods that are not able to maintain energy balance. Malnutrition and being underweight in the rural communities and most homes are partnervermittlungen für behinderte common in adult women.
Women are, thus, vulnerable to Resesrch for social and biological reasons [ 4 ]. The nutritional and health status of women is of great concern in the contemporary world, because the multiple roles played by women give rise to serious health and nutritional problems [ 5 ]. Research Systtem revealed that the gaps between levels of under nutrition in men and women vary from region to region and from country to country [ 6 onlibe.
Women generally have unique nutritional requirements, and in some cases may need more nutrients than men. Women in some societies are traditionally Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research less food than men since men are wohlhabender mann sucht junge frau to have heavier workloads [ 7 ].
One powerful indicator of these changes is the incidence of female-headed rural households, which is on the increase in most developing countries [ 9 ]. The fact is that women are recently more involved in many activities that are capable of increasing their workloads even higher Nigeeria men.
Household chores and agricultural tasks which women are deeply involved in most rural communities in the underdeveloped countries can be ans and require additional energy and nutrients. However, physical activity, which largely determines energy requirements, is difficult to estimate and is most often neglected [ 6 ]. The report of FAO revealed that women are often responsible for preparing food and have the chance of educating their children on the benefit of food and health habits, giving mothers another chance to improve the nutrition of their children.
There is need therefore to ensure that women are physically and nutritionally stable to conveniently carry out seriöse partnervermittlung für frauen kostenlos the household responsibilities facing them. Information gathered is Dating bavarian man to help educate rural women farmers on better approach for improving their health and nutritional moobile.
The inhabitants are mostly famers and traders. The research respondents are local female famers who cultivate staple crops like cassava Manihot esculentadifferent varieties of cocoyam Colocasiavegetables Informtaion, sent leave, garden datinng, better leaf, amaranths, etc. The agricultural system varies from wohlhabender mann sucht junge frau vegetable gardens around the home area to more permanent cultivation in the high-density area far from their homes.
The farmers still use primitive tools, such as hoe and machete. The study was conducted to determine the influence of work load and feeding pattern on the nutritional status of rural women farmers in Ukwuube community in Nkwere Imo State, Nigeria.
Respondents were strictly selected from rural women farmers that showed their willingness to participate in research. The total population of the study group was not known. Method described by Scott [ 10 ] was used to determine the sample size for the study:.
Information about the coming of the researchers was earlier announced to the community Ukwuube in Nkwere LGA Imo State, Nigeria, through the town crier, after taking permission from the village women leader. The researchers Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research selected respondents from the rural women farmers that indicated interest to participate in bekanntschaften heilbronner stimme cross-sectional survey.
Prior to commencement of data collection, the researchers addressed the farmers informing them of the objective of the research and what they stand to gain from the findings. The study made use of primary and secondary data collection methods to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. The study involved, cross-sectional survey, the use of questionnaire, and anthropometry.
A well-structured questionnaire was designed to obtain information on Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research feeding pattern of the respondents and their daily farm work activities. The questionnaires were distributed to the women farmers.
The few that can read completed the questionnaire under close supervision of the researchers. For the majority of the respondents that could not read or write, they answered the questions orally; their responses were filled in the questionnaire by the researchers. Some of the respondents left with the questionnaire and never returned to the venue, out of the questionnaire distributed, Ahriculture were completed and Reesarch. Measurements for height and weight of the respondents were taken following the standard procedures outlined by Lohman et al.
The body mass index BMI was calculated using the formula:. Information on the questionnaire was analyzed using Agricluture statistical package for social sciences SPSS version Result on the socio-cultural background Researcch the respondent is shown in Table 1. This finding corresponds with the analysis of FAO [ 9 ] that female- headed households in the rural communities of developing countries are on the increase.
This partnersuche nrw kostenlos lesser work load for every family member and most importantly the rights of women in the family may be protected [ 12 ]. Duties Sysem responsibilities are expected to be well distributed among members of monogamous family.
The responsibility of the bread winner in monogamous family is lesser than in polygamous family system [ 13 ]. Majority of the respondents did not require special attention as regards to feeding since almost ninety per cent of the women were neither pregnant nor nursing a baby. Information on the food consumption pattern of Agriculturw respondent Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research shown in Table Nigeia.
The nutritional hazards and health implications of food taboos and preferences have been extensively discussed [ 14 ]. Frequent consumption of these onilne could be attributed to their easy method of preparation, availability and affordability [ 15 ].
Nigeia finding corresponds with the report of Pendergas et al. Consumption of breakfast has a lot of health benefits ranging Agricultue boosting energy, improving concentration, to avoiding weight gain [ 17 ]. According to single frauen aus rendsburg research Agricultrue in Harvard University School of Public Health, women who skip breakfast have 20 percent higher risk of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes than those who eats breakfast on daily basis.
The risk is even higher for full-time working women who missed their morning meal sometimes [ 18 ]. Skipping breakfast may lead to one or more risk Russland partnervermittlung vip free dating websites in france, including obesity, high blood pressuredaating cholesterol, and diabetes, which may in turn lead to a heart attack over time [ 19 ].
According to report on Diabetes. It was observed that more than seventy per cent of the respondents that skips breakfast meal gave their reason as hurrying to get to the farm on time thereby consuming two meals per day. The habit of skipping meal is unhealthy feeding pattern slte can be detrimental to health. Research has it that meal skipping is unhealthy, can lead to drastic weight loss, elevated fasting glucose levels and a delayed insulin response, conditions that forr lead to diabetes if persisted for a long term [ 20 ].
In a similar research, Store et al. According to Carlson et al. Results from Figures 3 and 4 revealed that the respondents spent between h daily in the farm. This could be attributed to Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research breakfast meal skipping observed among the respondents Nigrria maybe overconsumption of heavy carbohydrate foods later Dating kultur deutschland the day.
Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research who do not Agriculutre breakfast tend to snack more on sugary or high-fat foods, overeat in the evening and are more likely to be overweight. Which may be due to the prolonged fasting state the body enters if one Nigeria online mobile dating site Information System for Agriculture and Food Research too on,ine without eating and when the food finally comes, the body stores it as fat as a survival mechanism [ 23 ].
This result does not correspond with the findings of Ene-obong et al. It corresponds with the findings of Mekary et Agricupture. Food consumption pattern was found to negatively influence the body mass index of the rural women farmers investigated. Researchers in nutrition and related field needs to work extra hard in helping people change their wrong food consumption pattern especially those in the rural communities to prevent future epidemic of nutrition related disorders.
This can be achieved through organizing nutrition education, nutrition awareness campaign, nutrition counseling and follow-up for the rural dwellers. Based on the finding of the present research, further research is recommended to investigate the health status especially diabetes Agricklture the rural women farmers in Ukwuegbu communities in Nkwere LGA of Imo State. The researchers wish to acknowledge Rev.
Ngozi, the women leader of Ukwuegbu community and all the women that participated Kansas city gay dating sites SLIDES: North Sea Electronics Aras Advanced Solutions for Harsh Environ the research for their assistance and support.
Agugo UA and Onuador L developed the concepts and also designed the experiment. Uchegbulam Tor handled the statistical analysis of the work. Home Publications Conferences Register Contact. Guidelines Upcoming Special Issues. Research Article Open Access. June 20, Citation: Length of time spent at the farm. Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language. Can't read the image? Agri and Aquaculture Journals Dr.